Research

Developing robust empirical research on topics related to intellectual property is at the core of 4iP Council’s work. We commission independent experts to provide robust data and information, as well as analysis, on the complex correlation between investment, invention, innovation, employment and social and economic success. Our research is conducted in accordance with agreed methodological principles.

Research, analysis and commentary


The Value of Cellular Connectivity – From Mobile Devices to the Internet-of-Things (IoT)

Executive summary of "The Value of Cellular Connectivity – From Mobile Devices to the Internet-of-Things (IoT)" by Bowman Heiden (Co-Director of the Center for Intellectual Property (CIP) in Gothenburg, Sweden, and Visiting Professor at the Fung Institute of Engineering Leadership at UC-Berkeley). Full paper available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_i...


Categories: Internet of Things (IoT), IP and Competition Law, Licensing, Policy, Standardisation

FRAND to address competition issues posed by major digital platforms?

by Minh Hung Tao

FRAND to address competition issues posed by major digital platforms?

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Categories: Antitrust, Digital Platforms, Essential facilities doctrine, FRAND, GAFAM‌, Intellectual property, Multi-sided platforms‌, P2B Regulation

Making the most of the EU’s innovative potential – An intellectual property action plan to support the EU’s recovery and resilience

by European Commission

Making the most of the EU’s innovative potential – An intellectual property action plan to support the EU’s recovery and resilience

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Categories: IPR Policy, SMEs

Open Source Software and Standards Development: Competition Law Implications

by Richard S. Taffet and Michael Zymler

Abstract and key messages of "Open Source Software and Standards Development: Competition Law Implications".

Full paper available at SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3742791


Categories: FRAND, Internet of Things (IoT), IP and Competition Law, Licensing, Patent Strategy, Policy, Standardisation

Sensible Open Source Licenses For Standards Development Organizations

by Michele Herman

New technologies such as 5G, IoT, blockchain and many others are implemented as ecosystems with many interoperable products and services designed to communicate seamlessly through a developing web of technical standards. Today’s standards are far more software-driven than in the past. As a result, standards development organizations (SDOs) are increasing their use of open source software (OSS) to promote both the rapid development of new standards and the deployment of standards-conformant products and services in the marketplace.

Click on the title above to read the executive summary.

Full paper available at SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3717031


Categories: FRAND, Internet of Things (IoT), IP and Competition Law, Licensing, Patent Strategy, Policy, Standardisation

Patents to climate rescue: how intellectual property rights are fundamental to the development of renewable energy

by Arielle Aberdeen

Patents to climate rescue: how intellectual property rights are fundamental to the development of renewable energy

This is a brief overview of the role of patents in renewable energy technologies. It is designed to provide the reader with an introduction on the concept and importance of renewable energy production; the role patents are playing in the development of these technologies; a statistical snapshot of the patents trends and global output of renewable energy; various governmental policies; and case study highlights. With the latter showcasing how two successful companies have used their IP in this area from the perspective of a large company and an SME. This is the first introductory article which will delve into different aspects of the renewable technology sector and intellectual property.

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Categories: Business Models, Patent Strategy, Policy, SMEs, Student Contribution

The Value of Standard Essential Patents and the Level of Licensing

by Bowman Heiden, Jorge Padilla, Ruud Peters

The Value of Standard Essential Patents and the Level of Licensing

Abstract and key messages of "The Value of Standard Essential Patents and the Level of Licensing".

Full paper available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3717570.


Categories: FRAND, Internet of Things (IoT), IP and Competition Law, Licensing, Patent Strategy, Policy, Standardisation