4iP Council Research Awards 2021


4iP Council is pleased to announce the winning papers and authors in the 2021 4iP Council Research Awards


1st place: Are you exhausted with NFTs already?

by Berto Lorenzo, LL.M. Candidate in Law of Internet Technology at Bocconi University (Milano, Italy)


Lorenzo Berto holds a law degree with honors from the University of Torino, Italy. In 2019 he passed the bar exam and started practicing for a major law firm in Torino, dealing with both contentious and non-contentious commercial law issues.

In 2021, Lorenzo enrolled in the Bocconi University LL.M. program in Law of Internet Technology, thereby letting himself to dive into his passion, i.e. the intersection between the law and digital technologies, field in which knowledge of IP law is simply crucial.

In doing that, Lorenzo hopes to path the way to the next step of his career: being at the forefront of the huge challenges that digital technologies will continue to pose to the law.

The 4iP Council Research Award came as the perfect opportunity to approach in detail a highly debated technology and its intersection with certain aspects of copyright law.

2nd place: The fight against counterfeit goods on Instagram

by Teo Claris Azrael, double degree student, studying for an LL.M. at Bocconi University and a Juris Doctor from Singapore Management University.


She has always been intrigued by the distinctive and specialised nature of law—how it protects the intangible rights of individuals and often requires the coupling of critical commercial sense with legal expertise. She is particularly interested in how the law is gradually shifting to adapt to the fast-paced changes in society as a result of the technological advancements, which has led her to pursue an LL.M. at Bocconi University.   


3rd place: Online repositories, Search costs and cumulative innovation

by Schaper Thomas, Postdoctoral Researcher in Economics at TUM School of Management, Technical University of Munich (Germany) 


Thomas Schaper is currently a postdoctoral researcher in economics at TUM School of Management, Technical University of Munich (Germany). He received his Ph.D. in applied economics from KU Leuven (Belgium) in October 2021. His research interests are in the economics of innovation, science and technology. In on-going projects, he investigates human capital externalities in scientific production, competitive science funding, and the impact of institutions and digitization on knowledge spillovers. He was holder of a Ph.D. fellowship of the Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO) from 2017-2021. His research is currently supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG).

4iP Council would like to express a warm thank you to the many students and professors who participated in our award initiative this year.

If you are interested in participating in the 2022 edition, click here for more information.