News

New webinar! FRAND licensing levels under EU Law: components or end-device?

30 March 2020

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Visit 4 Reasons 4 Copyright, our latest interactive graphic for SMEs. Live today.

23 March 2020

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Webinar slides now available! FRAND terms: Same price if different uses of the same SEP?

10 March 2020

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Visionaries, catalysts and leaders. Why not read their features on International Women's Day 2020?

06 March 2020

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Don't miss our next webinar! ​FRAND terms: Same price if different uses of the same SEP?

24 February 2020

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Latest Research

Mandatory Patent Pools

by Luca Maggioni, Diana Marin, Laura Natalia Morales Charry, Paolo Orlando and Victoire Guegan Master Students, Technical University Berlin

In this student contribution to 4iP Council's research, the authors explain the link between patent pools and standardisation in telecommunications and analyse the potential impact of mandatory pools for innovation. Patent pools are often perceived as a…

Mandatory Patent Pools

SSPPU vs. EMVR

by Mirza Usama Baig, Ingra Marangoni and Tuğçe Özkepir Master Students, Technical University Berlin

In this student contribution to 4iP Council's research, the authors focus on two different methodologies (for the calculation of royalties): Smallest Salable Patent-Practicing Unit (SSPPU) and Entire Market Value Rule (EMVR). They first introduce an…

SSPPU vs. EMVR

FRAND Licensing Levels Under EU Law

by Jean-Sébastien Borghetti, University Paris II Panthéon-Assas; Igor Nikolic, University College London (UCL) and Nicolas Petit, University of Liege and the College of Europe

This summary paper investigates whether EU or national law provide legal authority to impose a direct or indirect obligation on Standard Essential Patent (“SEP”) holders to license at all levels of the value chain, including at component level (“license to…

FRAND Licensing Levels Under EU Law

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Research

4iP’s position is shaped by robust empirical research on policy proposals.

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Technology invention is an arduous and risky creative process that can result in life changing and global transformation. To incentivise investment in successful and potentially transformational technology solutions, and to reward risk, inventors must be able to seek reasonable return for their efforts. Intellectual Property Rights allow inventors to obtain such reward by creating the opportunity to commercialise their inventions. This is not only a fair way to acknowledge the contribution of the technology into the market, but also encourages continuous investment in further research, thus increasing innovation.