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Research: Mandatory Patent Pools

by Luca Maggioni, Diana Marin, Laura Natalia Morales Charry, Paolo Orlando and Victoire Guegan Master Students, Technical University Berlin

Mandatory Patent Pools

In this student contribution to 4iP Council's research, the authors explain the link between patent pools and standardisation in telecommunications and analyse the potential impact of mandatory pools for innovation. Patent pools are often perceived as a significant tool for widespread innovation. Yet, they can also lead to monopolistic behavior. In practice, patent pools are used by some stakeholders as a tool to organise the licensing of standard essential patents. Thus, pools are encouraged by the European Commission, especially for the information and communication technology (ICT) field with complex products incorporating multiple patents. Yet, to be efficient and pro-competitive, pools need to fulfill certain conditions.

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Categories: FRAND, Standardisation, Student Contribution

Research: SSPPU vs. EMVR

by Mirza Usama Baig, Ingra Marangoni and Tuğçe Özkepir Master Students, Technical University Berlin

SSPPU vs. EMVR

In this student contribution to 4iP Council's research, the authors focus on two different methodologies (for the calculation of royalties): Smallest Salable Patent-Practicing Unit (SSPPU) and Entire Market Value Rule (EMVR). They first introduce an overview of what surrounds the discussion, which institutions are involved in the patent ecosystem, as well as where the SSPPU vs. EMVR discussion arises. They then address the theoretical background of the SSPPU creation and evolution, focusing on the economic disadvantages of SSPPU. Furthermore, they list the consequences of applying a too low basis, mainly attempting to clarify the drawbacks of applying SSPPU.

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Categories: FRAND, Standardisation, Student Contribution

Research: Pirates of the 3D Realm: strategies for IP protection from the widespread adoption of additive manufacturing by consumers

by Alessandro Burro, candidate at Bocconi University LL.M. in Law of Internet Technology

Pirates of the 3D Realm: strategies for IP protection from the widespread adoption of additive manufacturing by consumers

Additive manufacturing is a pillar of the 4.0 industry. As it goes for other technologies throughout history, the cost of a 3D printing machine will sink lower and lower, and the accessibility to these machines by consumers will enable them to print with a vast array of materials, thus enabling them to print whatever they would previously buy, in a physical store or from an online retailer. It will be easy to infringe on an IP right with only a cheap 3D printing machine and a digital file from which the machine can take the necessary instructions. This paper considers the IP implications of this evolution and explores the various policies available, or that could be easily available with simple adjustments to current laws, to protect IP rights from the risks associated with the widespread adoption of additive manufacturing by consumers.

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Categories: IP Management, Patent Strategy, Student Contribution

4iP News: New SME case study - Prophesee's advanced neuromorphic vision system and patent strategy.

This short case study by Fernanda Donaire Passoni outlines Prophesee's patent strategy.

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Categories: Industry 4.0, Patent Strategy, SMEs, Student Contribution

Publications: The SME Prophesee; its advanced neuromorphic vision system and patent strategy. Fernanda Donaire Passoni.

The SME Prophesee; its advanced neuromorphic vision system and patent strategy. Fernanda Donaire Passoni.

Founded in 2013, Prophesee is a start-up based in Paris which has created the most advanced neuromorphic vision system in the world. Inspired by human vision and built on the foundation of neuromorphic engineering, Prophesee is a revolutionary system that gives Metavision to machines, enabling them to react much more intelligently, autonomously, faster and safer than before. This short case study outlines Prophesee's patent strategy.

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Categories: Industry 4.0, Patent Strategy, SMEs, Student Contribution