Research

Developing robust empirical research on topics related to intellectual property is at the core of 4iP Council’s work. We commission independent experts to provide robust data and information, as well as analysis, on the complex correlation between investment, invention, innovation, employment and social and economic success. Our research is conducted in accordance with agreed methodological principles.

Research, analysis and commentary


Re-evaluating Patent Damages in the Knowledge Economy

by Bowman Heiden and Jens Andreasson Center for Intellectual Property (CIP) – December 2015

Re-evaluating Patent Damages in the Knowledge Economy

Investigates the applicability and implications of the current legal norms for the choice of royalty base in relation to the prevailing market norms regarding SEP transactions in the telecommunication industry. This article was published in the Criterion Journal on Innovation in September 2016. https://www.criterioninnovation.com

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Categories: IP Enforcement, Standardisation

IPR Policy as Strategy. The Battle to Define the Meaning of FRAND

by Bowman Heiden Center for Intellectual Property (CIP) – December 2015

IPR Policy as Strategy. The Battle to Define the Meaning of FRAND

Addresses the ongoing battle to define the meaning of F/RAND as a key institution in determining the value of standard essential patents (SEPs) and the transformation of the telecommunication industry in the emerging knowledge economy.

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Categories: Standardisation

The Viability of FRAND: How the Seminal Microsoft Ruling Could Impact the Value of Standard Essential Patents and the Future of Telecom Standards

by Bowman Heiden, Center for Intellectual Property (CIP) – December 2015

The Viability of FRAND: How the Seminal Microsoft Ruling Could Impact the Value of Standard Essential Patents and the Future of Telecom Standards

Using the landmark Microsoft ruling, this paper addresses the viability of F/RAND policies to regulate the equilibrium between patent holdup and freeriding (or patent holdout) in the context of telecommunication standards.

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Categories: Standardisation

The economic impacts of computer-implemented inventions at the European Patent Office

by The Fraunhofer Institute – June 2015

The economic impacts of computer-implemented inventions at the European Patent Office

This study analyses how a change in the patent system towards abolishing patent protection for computer-implemented inventions would affect the international competitiveness of German and European firms.

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Categories: Patent System and Patent Quality

Stealth Licensing

by Prof. Dr. Nicolas Petit – April 2014

This paper traces the expansion of ‘stealth licensing’ by regulatory bodies and explores its implications on company R&D investments in Europe.

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Categories: Trade Law and Regulation

Patent = monopoly: a legal fiction

by December 2013

Patent = monopoly: a legal fiction

This paper explores terminological confusion and historical misunderstanding of ’monopoly’ rights in patent law as distinct from the meaning of a market monopoly in antitrust theory.

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Categories: IP and Competition Law