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Developing robust empirical research on topics related to intellectual property is at the core of 4iP Council’s work. We commission independent experts to provide robust data and information, as well as analysis, on the complex correlation between investment, invention, innovation, employment and social and economic success. Our research is conducted in accordance with agreed methodological principles.
Patent System and Patent Quality SMEs IP Enforcement Standardisation Licensing IP and Competition Law Trade Law and Regulation Digital Single Market Infographics Open Source software Artificial intelligence and data Digital platforms European Commission FRAND Policy Legislation Regulation Access
Research, analysis and commentary
Re-evaluating Patent Damages in the Knowledge Economy
by Bowman Heiden and Jens Andreasson Center for Intellectual Property (CIP) – December 2015
Investigates the applicability and implications of the current legal norms for the choice of royalty base in relation to the prevailing market norms regarding SEP transactions in the telecommunication industry. This article was published in the Criterion Journal on Innovation in September 2016. https://www.criterioninnovation.com
Categories: IP Enforcement, Standardisation
IPR Policy as Strategy. The Battle to Define the Meaning of FRAND
by Bowman Heiden Center for Intellectual Property (CIP) – December 2015
Addresses the ongoing battle to define the meaning of F/RAND as a key institution in determining the value of standard essential patents (SEPs) and the transformation of the telecommunication industry in the emerging knowledge economy.
The Viability of FRAND: How the Seminal Microsoft Ruling Could Impact the Value of Standard Essential Patents and the Future of Telecom Standards
by Bowman Heiden, Center for Intellectual Property (CIP) – December 2015
Using the landmark Microsoft ruling, this paper addresses the viability of F/RAND policies to regulate the equilibrium between patent holdup and freeriding (or patent holdout) in the context of telecommunication standards.
The economic impacts of computer-implemented inventions at the European Patent Office
by The Fraunhofer Institute – June 2015
This study analyses how a change in the patent system towards abolishing patent protection for computer-implemented inventions would affect the international competitiveness of German and European firms.
Categories: Patent System and Patent Quality
by Prof. Dr. Nicolas Petit – April 2014
This paper traces the expansion of ‘stealth licensing’ by regulatory bodies and explores its implications on company R&D investments in Europe.
Categories: Trade Law and Regulation
Patent = monopoly: a legal fiction
by December 2013
This paper explores terminological confusion and historical misunderstanding of ’monopoly’ rights in patent law as distinct from the meaning of a market monopoly in antitrust theory.