Research

Developing robust empirical research on topics related to intellectual property is at the core of 4iP Council’s work. We commission independent experts to provide robust data and information, as well as analysis, on the complex correlation between investment, invention, innovation, employment and social and economic success. Our research is conducted in accordance with agreed methodological principles.

Research, analysis and commentary


A FRAND Regime for Dominant Digital Platforms

by Mathew Heim and Igor Nikolic

A FRAND Regime for Dominant Digital Platforms

This study explores how European policy and legislation has traditionally applied the ‘fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory’ or FRAND regime in order to ensure access to critical goods or services. This regime provides inspiration in the on-going debate around dominant digital platforms. The authors of this paper are Mathew Heim, Tanfield Chambers and Dr. Igor Nikolic, University College London.

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Categories: Access, Digital platforms, Digital Single Market, European Commission, FRAND, IP and Competition Law, Legislation, Policy, Regulation, SMEs, Standardisation

Standardisation, Open Source, and Innovation: Sketching the Effect of IPR Policies

by Martin Husovec. Assist. Professor, Tilburg University (Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society & Tilburg Law and Economics Center)

Standardisation, Open Source, and Innovation: Sketching the Effect of IPR Policies

This summary report explores the following questions: “What are the differences between standards development organisations (SDOs)’ IPR policies and open source licenses in dealing with IPRs?” “What frictions may arise from such differences in their interactions?” “Whether the current IPRs framework of formal SDOs is adequate to embrace OSS?”. This summary is drawn from the following paper: Husovec, Martin, Standardization, Open Source, and Innovation: Sketching the Effect of IPR Policies (July 18, 2018). Forthcoming in Jorge Contreras (eds.) Cambridge Handbook of Technical Standardization Law (CUP 2019); TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2018-034. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3215769

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Categories: Licensing, Open Source software, Standardisation

Intellectual property licensing tensions: in utilizing open source software in the formal standard setting context

by Jingze Li. Tilburg University, (Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society)

Intellectual property licensing tensions: in utilizing open source software in the formal standard setting context

This summary report explores the following questions: “What are the differences between standards development organisations (SDOs)’ IPR policies and open source licenses in dealing with IPRs?” “What frictions may arise from such differences in their interactions?” “Whether the current IPRs framework of formal SDOs is adequate to embrace OSS?”. It is drawn by the author from a paper first published by the ITU: J. Li, "Intellectual property licensing tensions in incorporating open source into formal standard setting context — The case of Apache V.2 in ETSI as a start," 2017 ITU Kaleidoscope: Challenges for a Data-Driven Society (ITU K), Nanjing, 2017, pp. 1-8. The paper is available for download in the IEEE document library. An extended version of the paper has been submitted to the European Journal of Law and Technology and will available under SSRN.

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Categories: Licensing, Open Source software, Standardisation

Evaluating the EC Private Data Sharing Principles: Setting a Mantra for Artificial Intelligence Nirvana?

by Dr. Begoña Gonzalez Otero. IP Researcher and Consultant

Evaluating the EC Private Data Sharing Principles:  Setting a Mantra for Artificial Intelligence Nirvana?

This article talks to recent European Commission communications on data trading and artificial intelligence with a focus on the Commission's “Guidance on Sharing Private Sector Data in the European Economy” which came with a working document: “Guidance on Sharing Private Sector Data in the European Data Economy”. Do these principles set a viable legal framework for data sharing or this public policy tool is merely a naïve expectation? Moreover, would these principles set a successful path toward a thriving European AI advancement? The author tries to sketch some answers to these and related questions.

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Categories: Artificial intelligence and data, Digital Single Market

Summary - Evaluating the EC Private Data Sharing Principles

by Dr. Begoña Gonzalez Otero. IP Researcher and Consultant

Summary - Evaluating the EC Private Data Sharing Principles

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Categories: Artificial intelligence and data, Digital Single Market

The practice of claiming a court injunction ordering an implementer to cease and desist from infringing a patent

by Uwe Scharen - Former Presiding Judge at the Federal Court of Justice of Germany.

The practice of claiming a court injunction ordering an implementer to cease and desist from infringing a patent

This paper looks at the practice of the German courts regarding the provision of injunctive relief to patent holders. After a brief analysis of the German substantive law governing patent holders’ claims for injunctive relief, the author presents the legal remedies available to the patent holder under German law for protecting and enforcing such claims. It was first published: - in German in the journal "Mitteilungen der deutschen Patentanwälte“, Issue 09/2018, page 369, which is edited by the Board of the German Chamber of Patent Attorneys (Patentanwaltskammer) and published by Wolter Kluwer Deutschland – Carl Heymanns Verlag. - in English in the "Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice", Oxford University Press, jpy127, https://doi.org/10.1093/jiplp/jpy127

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Categories: IP and Competition Law, IP Enforcement, Patent System and Patent Quality

The practice of claiming a court injunction ordering an implementer to cease and desist from infringing a patent - German version.

by Uwe Scharen, Former Presiding Judge of the Federal Court of Justice in Germany. German version.

The practice of claiming a court injunction ordering an implementer to cease and desist from infringing a patent - German version.

Die Erstveröffentlichung dieses Aufsatzes erfolgte in der Zeitschrift „Mitteilungen der deutschen Patentanwälte“, Heft 09/2018, S. 369, herausgegeben vom Vorstand der Patentanwaltskammer, erschienen bei Wolters Kluwer Deutschland – Carl Heymanns Verlag

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Categories: IP and Competition Law, IP Enforcement, Patent System and Patent Quality