Publications

Papers, summaries and briefs supporting a wider understanding of invention, innovation and the use of patents developed by eminent researchers or by 4iP Council supporters.

Papers, briefs and publications


Low-Quality Patents in the Eye of the Beholder: Evidence from Multiple Examiners

Low-Quality Patents in the Eye of the Beholder: Evidence from Multiple Examiners

In this paper, the authors propose a new way of measuring patent quality, based on twin patent applications granted at one office but refused at another office, applied to the five largest patent offices. This method allows to distinguish low-quality patents issued because an office has a low standard from patents issued in violation of an office’s own standard, however high or low (so-called ‘weak patents’ in the scholarly literature). The results suggest that quality in patent systems is higher than previously thought; in particular the percentage of ‘weak’ patents is in single digits for all offices, although the U.S. patent office’s performance is poorer than those of Europe and Japan.

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Categories: IP Enforcement, Patent System and Patent Quality

High quality of Patents in Europe - infographic

High quality of Patents in Europe - infographic

4iP Council has consolidated available data on patents in Germany in 2015 to provide a fresh picture on invalidity rates. This work takes the shape of an infographic and follows the recent publication of numerous papers by eminent authors radically overturning an assumption that patent invalidity rates in Europe are high. In 2015, just 1 in 17,500 (0.006%) of all patents in force in Germany were declared invalid by a court. Research findings show similar results for patents in other jurisdictions.

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Categories: Infographics, IP Enforcement, Patent System and Patent Quality

Intellectual Asset Management (IAM) magazine joins the discussion on patent quality

Intellectual Asset Management (IAM) magazine joins the discussion on patent quality

Intellectual Asset Management (IAM) magazine’s Nov/Dec issue features a new article by Claudia Tapia, Director IP Policy at Ericsson and 4iP Council Chair on the importance of patent quality in Europe, how it is achieved and the interpretation of invalidity rates. The article, shared below, examines invalidity rates worldwide and provides a careful empirical examination of patent assessments at the German Federal Patent Court. The evaluation of statistics presented in the article clearly suggests that there is no problem with patent quality patents in Europe. Indeed, the situation is quite the contrary. This article first appeared in IAM issue 80, published by Globe Business Media Group - IP Division. To view the issue in full, please go to www.iam-media.com.

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Categories: Patent System and Patent Quality, SMEs

Collaborative standardisation and disruptive innovation: summary paper developed by Haris Tsilikas, Max Plank Institute, for 4iP Council.

Collaborative standardisation and disruptive innovation: summary paper developed by Haris Tsilikas, Max Plank Institute, for 4iP Council.

This paper is a short version of the paper with reference “Haris Tsilikas, Collaborative Standardization and Disruptive Innovation: The Case of Wireless Telecommunication Standards, Max Plank Institute for Innovation and Competition Research Paper No. 16-06, 17 May 2016, available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2783372

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Categories: Standardisation

Impact of perceived high invalidity rates on business and innovation

Impact of perceived high invalidity rates on business and innovation

The Patent Lawyer has published a paper on the impact of perceived high invalidity rates on business and innovation authored by 4iP Council Chairwoman and Director of Intellectual Property Policy at Ericsson, Claudia Tapia.

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Categories: Patent System and Patent Quality