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Papers, summaries and briefs supporting a wider understanding of invention, innovation and the use of patents developed by eminent researchers or by 4iP Council supporters.
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Papers, briefs and publications
4iP Council's Contribution to DG COMP Evaluation of Block Exemption Regulation for Horizontal Cooperation Agreements
This input from 4iP Council may also be consulted on the European Commission's website at the following link: https://ec.europa.eu/info/law/better-regulation/initiatives/ares-2019-4715393/feedback/F473570_en?p_id=5763121
Key findings - Intellectual property rights intensive industries and economic performance in the European Union. (September 2019)
This joint study by the EPO and the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) analyses the contribution of IPR-intensive sectors to the EU economy. It covers all major IP rights (patents, trade marks, designs, copyright, geographical indications and plant varieties), identifies which industries make above-average use of them and quantifies the contribution of these IPR-intensive industries to major macro-economic variables (employment, wages, GDP, and trade) from across the EU as well as from Switzerland, Norway and Iceland. The study provides comprehensive and robust data, as well as a solid evidence base for policymakers. For the full report visit the EPO website: https://www.epo.org/service-support/publications.html?pubid=201#tab3.
How do universities and non-profit inventions contribute to gross output?
In this overview Prof. Dr. Koenraad Debackere of K.U. Leuven reflects on the AUTM Report: "The Economic Contribution of University/Non-profit Inventions in the United States: 1996-2017". The report finds that the total contribution of U.S. academic licensors to industry gross output between 1996 and 2017 range from $723 billion to $1.7 trillion (in 2012 USD) and the contributions to gross domestic product (GDP) range from $374 billion to $865 billion (in 2012 USD). In addition, the report estimates that the total number of person years of employment supported by the academic licensors’ licensed-product sales range from 2.676 million to 5.883 million during the 22-year period. Debackere presents the case for undertaking empirical studies on university innovation in other countries to support evidence-based policy making.
Patents fuel daring flying exploits: How French company Zapata took to the air
Former start-up, Zapata, is developing valuable technology and building a successful technological arsenal around patents. This article, by Fernanda Passoni, student on the L.L.M of Internet Technology at Bocconi University and 4iP Council intern, summarises the company's progress and approach.
Revitalising European Inventiveness: Recommendations for the European Commission 2019-2024
The new European Commission will be facing a significant set of global, regional and European challenges. One of these will be to help reinvigorate the European economy and to ensure that the benefits of competitive forces flow to European society and citizens. In this Note we highlight recommendations to support European inventiveness and innovation. Invention and innovation are forces that stand at the foundation of Europe’s economic potential. In particular, this Note focuses on the role of patent rights and does so for two reasons; they are the basis of many of the value chains identified by the Commission and Member States as core to the EU’s future welfare; and they are the rights that require the most rigorous assessments before being recognised and protected.