Publications

Papers, summaries and briefs supporting a wider understanding of invention, innovation and the use of patents developed by eminent researchers or by 4iP Council supporters.

Papers, briefs and publications


Trends in patenting

Trends in patenting

Infographic summarising key patenting trends at the EPO in 2018

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Categories: Patent System and Patent Quality, Infographics

Gender Diversity in IP Law

Gender Diversity in IP Law

For International Women's Day 2019, 4iP Council partnered with Managing IP to explore themes of diversity and women and innovation in Europe and beyond. This post-survey report provides an overview of what respondents had to say and includes interviews with women working in the IP field.

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Unwired Planet v Huawei: the UK Court of Appeal’s judgment. Webinar slides presented by the Rt. Hon. Sir Robin Jacob and Richard Vary

Unwired Planet v Huawei: the UK Court of Appeal’s judgment. Webinar slides presented by the Rt. Hon. Sir Robin Jacob and Richard Vary

This webinar took place on 13 February 2019 and offered a summary of this significant court decision, detail on the contract law basis for FRAND and a discussion on the jurisdiction issues surrounding a national court determining global FRAND rates.

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Categories: IP Enforcement, Licensing, IP and Competition Law, FRAND

How OSS licensing could coinhabit with standards development organisations’ existing IPR policies

How OSS licensing could coinhabit with standards development organisations’ existing IPR policies

Over the past few years, standards development organisations (SDOs) have been assessing how open source software (OSS) could be used to complement standardisation activities. Given that most SDOs have pre-existing intellectual property rights (IPR) policies based on fair reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) access to essential patents, a key challenge for SDOs has therefore been to determine how OSS licensing could coinhabit with SDOs’ existing IPR policies. This has led to considerable discussion and debate and some confusion. Given the diversity of views on the topic, this document is intended to provide some clarity on some critical aspects.

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Categories: Standardisation, Licensing, Open Source software

Patent hold-up and patent hold-out: evolutions in Europe and the US

Patent hold-up and patent hold-out: evolutions in Europe and the US

This paper looks at hold-up and hold-out with respect to standard-essential patents (SEPs) in the ICT sector. It examines the evolution from a hold-up focused view in the US and Europe towards consideration of hold-out by regulatory authorities and courts. Similarities and differences regarding SEPs licensing and enforcement in both regions are addressed. This paper is an update of the article “From Patent Hold-Up to Patent Hold-Out”. The last version of this article was published in the Corporate and Global Standardization Initiatives in Contemporary Societies, 2018.

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Categories: Standardisation, IP and Competition Law